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Pathophysiology: Concepts of Human Disease (Sorenson)
Chapter 2 Genetics, Genomics, and Epigenomics
1) The community health nurse is planning a program for a local health fair on genetics and
health, using Healthy People 2020 goals. Which concepts should guide the nurse’s planning for
the program?
A) People should know their family health history.
B) All people should have genetic testing done.
C) Genetic testing determines what diseases a person will develop.
D) All diseases have a genetic basis.
Answer: A
Explanation: A) Research substantiates the benefits of taking a family health history and the use
of genetic and genomic tests to identify risk factors, diagnose disease, and guide the use of
screening tests and treatment options.
B) Research substantiates the benefits of taking a family health history and the use of genetic and
genomic tests to identify risk factors, diagnose disease, and guide the use of screening tests and
treatment options. If a family history does not suggest the presence of genomic and genomic risk
factors, genetic testing is not indicated.
C) Research substantiates the benefits of taking a family health history and the use of genetic and
genomic tests to identify risk factors, diagnose disease, and guide the use of screening tests and
treatment options. Having a risk factor for a disease does not mean that the person will develop
the disease.
D) Although not all diseases have a genetic basis, genomics plays a role in 9 out of 10 of the
leading causes of death, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s
disease. Genomics also plays a role in a variety of neuromuscular, immune, vision, and hearing
disorders.
Page Ref: 24
Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need & Sub: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Standards: Nursing Process: Planning | Learning Outcome: 2.1 Describe the impact of genetics,
genomics, and epigenomics on personalized healthcare, and explain the concepts related to them.
| QSEN Competencies: I.C.10 Value active partnership with patients or designated surrogates in
planning, implementation, and evaluation of care | AACN Essential Competencies: VII.1 Assess
protective and predictive factors, including genetics, which influence the health of individuals,
families, groups, communities and populations
NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science: Relationships between knowledge/science and
quality and safe patient care
MNL Learning Outcome: LO 1: Recognize the concepts and relationships of human genetics,
genomics, and epigenomics.