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Test Bank (Download Now) For Nutrition And Diet Therapy For Nurses 2nd Edition by Tucker ISBN: 9780134442877

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Dauffenbach · Tucker

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Test Bank (Download Now) Nutrition And Diet Therapy For Nurses 2nd Edition by Tucker, Dauffenbach ISBN: 9780134442877

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Nutrition and Diet Therapy for Nurses, 2e (Tucker)
Chapter 2 Nutrition Recommendations and Standards
2.1 To define the basic components of a healthy diet.
1) The nurse observes a client make menu selections that include all major food groups for each
meal. Which aspect of a healthy diet is this client demonstrating?
1. Balance
2. Preference
3. Moderation
4. Concentrated
Answer: 1
Explanation: A balanced diet contains a sufficient quantity of each type of food. Balance means
consuming all of the essential macronutrients and micronutrients in the recommended quantity
through a combination of different food types. Moderation refers to the practice of regularly
eating foods high in nutrient content while limiting the frequency and portion of foods with little
nutrient value. Preference is a characteristic of food choices but not necessarily an aspect of a
healthy diet. Concentrated is not an aspect of a healthy diet.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
2) An older person reports eating a small amount of meat for lunch and dinner with a salad and
baked potato but only eats dessert on Sunday. Which aspect of a healthy diet is this client
describing to the nurse?
1. Habit
2. Balance
3. Moderation
4. Nutrient dense
Answer: 3
Explanation: Moderation refers to the practice of regularly eating foods high in nutrient content
while limiting the frequency and portion of foods with little nutrient value. Habit is a
characteristic of food choices but not necessarily an aspect of a healthy diet. Balance means
consuming all of the essential macronutrients and micronutrients in the recommended quantity
through a combination of different food types. A food is nutrient dense if it contains a significant
amount of nutrients for the least amount of calories.
Nursing Process: Assessment
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Cognitive Level: Analyzing