Kozier & Erb’s Fundamentals of Nursing, 10e (Berman)
Chapter 2 Evidence-Based Practice and Research in Nursing
1) The nurse is reviewing the history of research in nursing care for a school project. In which
chronological order should the nurse place the events that occurred in nursing research? Start
with the earliest (1) to the most recent (4):
1. The National Center for Nursing Research was created.
2. The National Institute for Nursing Research was created.
3. The journal Nursing Research was established.
4. End-of-life/palliative care research was conducted.
Answer: 2, 3, 1, 4
Explanation: The journal Nursing Research was established in 1952. The National Center for
Nursing Research was created in 1985 at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In 1993, it was
promoted to the National Institute for Nursing Research (NINR). End-of-life/palliative care was
identified at NINR as an area of research for 2000-2004.
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Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need/Sub: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care
Standards: QSEN Competencies: III.A. 1. Demonstrate knowledge of basic scientific methods
and processes | AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 1. Explain the interrelationships among
theory, practice and research | NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Knowledge;
Elements of the research process and methods of scientific inquiry | Nursing/Integrated
Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 2. Apply the steps of change used in implementing evidence-based practice.
MNL LO: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision
of nursing care.