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Test Bank (Download Now) For Understanding Nursing Research 7th Edition by Grove ISBN: 9780323532051

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Test Bank (Download Now) For Understanding Nursing Research 7th Edition by Grove ISBN: 9780323532051

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Chapter 02: Introduction to Quantitative Research
Grove: Understanding Nursing Research, 7th Edition
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. A researcher conducts a study which outlines the daily habits of women who are overweight.
This study represents what type of research?
a. Correlational
b. Descriptive
c. Experimental
d. Quasi-experimental
ANS: B
Descriptive research is the exploration and description of phenomena in real-life situations.
Correlational research involves the systematic investigation of relationships between or
among variables. Experimental research is an objective, systematic, highly controlled
investigation conducted for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena. The
purpose of quasi-experimental research is to examine causal relationships or determine the
effect of one variable on another. Thus these studies involve implementing a treatment or
intervention and examining the effects of this intervention using selected methods of
measurement.
DIF: Cognitive level: Applying (Application)
2. The researcher wants to learn whether there is a relationship between parental education and
emergency room use among children who have asthma. Which type of research study will this
researcher use?
a. Basic
b. Correlational
c. Historical
d. Phenomenological
ANS: B
Correlational research involves the systematic investigation of relationships between or
among variables. Basic research is scientific investigation that involves the pursuit of
“knowledge for knowledge’s sake.” Historical research is a type of qualitative research.
Phenomenological research is a type of qualitative research.
DIF: Cognitive level: Applying (Application)
3. The nurse evaluates a research study that examines the relationship between computer and
television screen time and obesity. A correlational analysis reveals a correlation of +0.95.
What can the nurse conclude about the relationship between these two variables?
a. An increase in screen time causes obesity.
b. An increase in obesity leads to increased screen time.
c. Screen time and obesity vary in opposite directions.
d. Screen time and obesity vary together.
ANS: D