Chapter 02: Personal and Community Nutrition
Grodner et al.: Nutritional Foundations and Clinical Applications: A Nursing
Approach, 7th Edition
1. A client tells you that he cannot eat most green vegetables because they taste too bitter. What
is the most likely explanation?
a. He has certain genetic taste markers that make him a “super taster.”
b. He associates eating green vegetables with unpleasant childhood memories.
c. He needs to train himself to enjoy the acquired taste of bitter vegetables.
d. He is making an excuse to avoid making healthful changes in his eating habits.
Some people have variations in genetic taste markers that make them “super tasters.” These
people often experience the taste of certain vegetables as being bitter. Environmental factors
such as childhood memories may also influence food choices but are not usually associated
with tasting vegetables as bitter. Tastes can be acquired and sometimes people make excuses
to avoid making changes, but these are less likely explanations for this particular problem.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying REF: Page 18
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance
2. A teenaged client is hungry and goes to the refrigerator for a snack. A holiday has just been
celebrated at her home, and many of her favorite foods are available. She selects some slices
of roast turkey and a cup of her aunt’s special fruit salad. This is an example of
c. food choice.
d. food preference.
This teenager is able to select foods according to her preferences. Food choices are restricted
by convenience, but many of her favorite foods are available, and so her choices are not
limited. The food is abundant, and she may choose to binge and overeat, but her selections are
made according to her food preference.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analyzing REF: Page 18
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity
3. A mother tells you that she does not allow her young children to eat while they watch
television, even though her husband often eats high-fat, sugary foods while they watch
television as a family. The most important thing to discuss with her is the
a. genetic factor of preference for sweet and salty tastes.
b. influence of ethnicity on preference for sour tastes.
c. children’s weights when they were born and their weights now.
d. environmental effects of parental food choices and television watching.