Holtgrew-Bohling: Large Animal Clinical Procedures for Veterinary
Technicians, 4th Edition
Chapter 02: Livestock Safety and Handling
When you have completed this chapter, you will be able to
• Understand potential risks that exist with the practice of large animal veterinary medicine
• Tie multiple types of knots to ensure an effective set of tools for large animal restraint
• Understand the basic natural instincts of each large animal species
• Understand the importance of protecting yourself, veterinary personnel, and clients while
• Apply common methods of large animal restraint safely, efficiently, and effectively
Alleyway: A narrow passageway.
Augers: Used in agriculture to move grain from trucks and grain carts into grain storage bins
(from where it is later removed by gravity chutes at the bottom). A grain auger may be
powered by an electric motor; a tractor through the power takeoff; or sometimes an internal
combustion engine mounted on the auger. The helical flighting rotates inside a long metal
tube, moving the grain upward.
Backstop: A metal bar within an alleyway that once an animal moves past within the alleyway
swings out to prevent them from backing up.
Bight: The loop or bent part of a rope, as distinguished from the ends.
Biosecurity: Security from transmission of infectious diseases, parasites, and pests.
Bovine: Of or pertaining to the subfamily Bovinae, which includes cattle, buffalo, and kudus.
Bucks: An intact male goat.
Bull: An intact male bovine.
Calves: The young of the domestic cow or other bovine animal.
Camelid: Any member of the alpaca and llama family Camelidae.
Casting: The technique of using a rope or a special harness designed for the purpose of making
an animal fall to the ground or onto a specially prepared area. It is used for large animals,
especially horses and cattle.
Cattle Prod: A device that can be applied to the rear end of cattle to encourage forward
movement through a small electrical shock. They should only be used when other methods
Chain Shank: A leather lead with a short section of chain at the proximal end. It can be placed
over the horse’s nose, through the mouth, or across the upper gum for greater control.
Chemical Restraint: The use of pharmaceuticals to alter the animal’s mental or physical
Chestnut: The callosity on the inner side of the leg of a horse.
Chute: Open set of bars with two doors at the front and back often used for cattle restraint.
Cria: A young camelid.
End of a Rope: The short end of the rope or the end that you can freely move about.