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Chapter 02: Anatomy and Pathology Basics
Niedzwiecki: Kinn’s Medical Assisting Fundamentals, 1st Edition
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. The internal environment of the body that is compatible with life is
a. catabolism.
b. anabolism.
c. metabolism.
d. homeostasis.
ANS: D
Homeostasis is the internal environment of the body that is compatible with life, a steady
state that is created by all the body systems working together to provide a consistent and
unvarying internal environment.
REF: p. 15 OBJ: 1
TOP: A&P Structure/Systems/Organs: Nervous | Terminology: Homeostasis
MSC: CAAHEP: V.C.10 | ABHES: 2.a
2. The substance that holds organelles within a cell is the
a. cytoplasm.
b. lysosome.
c. mitochondrion.
d. ribosome.
ANS: A
Cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance that surrounds the nucleus and fills the cells.
Organelles or structures in the cell are suspended in the cytoplasm.
REF: p. 14 | Table 2.1 OBJ: 1
TOP: A&P Structure/Systems/Organs: Cells/Structures/Chromosomes
MSC: CAAHEP: I.C.1 | ABHES: 2.a
3. The structure that is the site of protein formation is the
a. mitochondrion.
b. ribosome.
c. lysosome.
d. nucleus.
ANS: B
Ribosomes are free-floating organelle that makes enzymes and proteins. They contain
ribonucleic acid (RNA) and are considered the cell’s “protein factories.”
REF: p. 14 | Table 2.1 OBJ: 1
TOP: A&P Structure/Systems/Organs: Cells/Structures/Chromosomes
MSC: CAAHEP: I.C.1 | ABHES: 2.a
4. Which structure in a cell is responsible for conversion of nutrients to energy?