Chapter 2: Health and the Individual
1. Which of the following is the most current definition of wellness?
a. The absence of disease
b. The absence of risk factors in an individual’s life
c. The perception that an individual has of his or her risk factors
d. The way an individual feels about his or her health and quality of life
A The absence of disease does not define wellness; a person may feel well in spite
of disease (e.g., a well-controlled diabetic).
B Risk factors do not define wellness.
C Risk factors do not define wellness.
D This definition of wellness takes into account that an individual can describe
himself or herself as “well,” even when he or she has a disease.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 41
2. Historically, health was described as absence of disease. How did the World Health
Organization (WHO) define health in 1948?
a. As a high level of physical fitness
b. As a sense of wellness
c. As being multidimensional
d. As a condition caused by social circumstances
A Physical fitness is part of a state of health, but it is not multidimensional.
B Wellness is part of a state of health, but it is not multidimensional.
C In 1948, the WHO described health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and
social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
D Social circumstance is a factor in health, but it does not describe it.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 42
3. Which of the following lists incorporates three holistic elements of wellness?
a. Financial, physical, emotional
b. Fitness, intellectual, spiritual
c. Absence of disease, emotional, social
d. Physical, emotional, intellectual