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Chapter 02: Values, Beliefs, and Caring
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. Enduring ideas about what a person considers is desirable or has worth in life is known as a:
a. value.
b. first-order belief
c. higher order belief
d. stereotype
ANS: A
Values are enduring ideas about what a person considers is the good, the best, and the “right”
thing to do and their opposites—the bad, worst, and wrong things to do—and about what is
desirable or has worth in life. First-order beliefs serve as the foundation or the basis of an
individual’s belief system. Higher-order beliefs are ideas derived from a person’s first-order
beliefs, inductive, or syllogistic reasoning. A stereotype is a belief about a person, a group,
or an event that is thought to be typical of all others in that category.
DIF: Remembering REF: pp. 22-23 OBJ: 2.1
TOP: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care
NOT: Concepts: Professionalism
2. A group of students are discussing the history of nursing. A student states, “Yea, nurses used
to be called the doctor’s handmaiden.” This type of comment is known as a:
a. prejudice.
b. generalization.
c. stereotype.
d. belief.
ANS: C
A stereotype is a belief about a person, a group, or an event that is thought to be typical of all
others in that category. A prejudice is a preformed opinion, usually an unfavorable one, about
an entire group of people that is based on insufficient knowledge, irrational feelings, or
inaccurate stereotypes. In the process of learning, people form generalizations (general
statements or ideas about people or things) to relate new information to what is already known
and to categorize the new information, making it easier to remember or understand. A belief is
a mental representation of reality or a person’s perceptions about what is right (correct), true,
or real, or what the person expects to happen in a given situation.
DIF: Understanding REF: pp. 22-23 OBJ: 2.2
TOP: Evaluation
MSC: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care
NOT: Concepts: Professionalism
3. A values system is a set of somewhat consistent values and measures that are organized
hierarchically into a belief system on a continuum of relative importance. A value system is
also:
a. culturally based.
b. unique to each individual.