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Chapter 02: Cross-Cultural Caring and Aging
Touhy & Jett: Ebersole and Hess’ Gerontological Nursing & Healthy Aging, 5th
Edition
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. Which of the following is a true statement about differing health belief systems?
a. Personalistic or magicoreligious beliefs have been superseded in Western minds by
biomedical principles.
b. In most cultures, older adults are likely to treat themselves using traditional
methods before turning to biomedical professionals.
c. Ayurvedic medicine is another name for traditional Chinese medicine.
d. The belief that health depends on maintaining a balance among opposite qualities
is characteristic of a magicoreligious belief system.
ANS: B
Older adults in most cultures usually have had experience with traditional methods that have
worked as well as expected. After these treatments fail, older adults turn to the formal health
care system. Even in the United States, it is common for older adults to pray for cures or
wonder what they did to incur an illness as punishment. The Ayurvedic system is a
naturalistic health belief system practiced in India and in some neighboring countries. This
belief is characteristic of a holistic or naturalistic approach.
PTS: 1 DIF: Understand REF: p. 16-17
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Health Promotion and Maintenance
2. Which of the following considerations is most likely to be true when working with an
interpreter?
a. An interpreter is never needed if the nurse speaks the same language as the patient.
b. When working with interpreters, the nurse can use technical terms or metaphors.
c. A patient’s young granddaughter who speaks fluent English would make the best
interpreter because she is familiar with and loves the patient.
d. The nurse should face the patient rather than the interpreter.
ANS: D
The nurse should face the patient rather than the interpreter is a true statement; the intent is to
converse with the patient, not with a third party about the patient. Many reasons may prevent
the patient from speaking directly to a nurse. Technical terms and metaphors may be difficult
or impossible to translate. Cultural restrictions may prevent some topics from being spoken of
to a grandparent or child.
PTS: 1 DIF: Understand REF: p. 18-19
TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Safe, Effective Care Environment
3. An older adult who is a traditional Chinese man has a blood pressure of 80/54 mm Hg and
refuses to remain in the bed. Which intervention should the nurse use to promote and maintain
his health?
a. Have the health care provider speak to him.
b. Use principles of the holistic health system.
c. Ask about his perceptions and treatment ideas.
Ebersole and Hess’ Gerontological Nursing and Healthy Aging 5th Edition Touhy Test Bank
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d. Consult with a practitioner of Chinese medicine.
ANS: C